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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王雲東(2007)‧身心障礙者社區化就業服務方案之成本效益分析與成本效能分析-以臺北市92-94年度就服方案為例‧臺大社工學刊,14,123-166。
  2. 王順民(2009)‧關於身心障礙者生活需求調查研究(社會研098-006號)‧台北:財團法人國家政策研究基金會。
  3. 任麗華、林堤塘(2008)‧身心功能障礙者服務需求之探討:學習、醫療、就業服務及照護體系-以彰化縣為例‧復健諮商, 2,29-48。
  4. 周俐君、王智弘、姜義村(2009)‧脊髓損傷者就業、工作滿意度與生活品質研究‧復健諮商,3,77-104。
  5. 林光華、莊芝菁、高木榮(1994)‧台灣地區脊髓損傷患者生活品質重要性與滿意度的調查‧中華物療誌,19(1),53-65。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張協源(2007)。論我國公司治理規範-兼論公司內部稽核制度完善。中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-182。
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