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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王昭儀(2006).醫學中心護理人員之勞動條件對其工作壓力、工作負荷及疲勞影響之研究(未發表的碩士論文).台北市:臺灣大學衛生政策與管理研究所。[Wang, C. I. (2006). Working conditions, job stress, workloads and burnout of nurses in medical centers. (Unpublished 碩士 thesis). 台北市: 臺灣大學.]
  2. 王桂英、周傳姜、黃瑞蘭(2010).臨床護理人員工作價值觀、專業承諾與離職傾向及其相關因素之探討.護理雜誌,57(1),22-34。[Wang, K. Y., Chou, C. C. & Huang, J. L. (2010). A study of work values, professional commitment, turnover intention and related factors among clinical nurses. The Journal of Nursing, 57(1), 22-34]
  3. 王梅貴、周傳姜(2009).護理人員跨科訓練之生活經驗.護理雜誌,56(2),33-41。[Wang, M. K. & Chou, C. C. (2009). The life experiences of nurses receiving cross-training. The Journal of Nursing, 56(2), 33-41]
  4. 白玉珠、徐南麗、汪蘋(1999).某醫學中心護理人員自評之護理能力及個人特質相關性研究.護理研究,7(3),209-220。[Pai, Y. C., Hsu, N. & Wang, P. (1999). Relationships of self-assessed nursing competencies and individual characteristics in a medical center. The Journal of Nursing Research, 7(3), 209-220]
  5. 吳姿蓉、鄧慶華、池美華、曾淑梅、袁素娟(2007).某醫學中心護理人員護理能力及其相關因素之探討.中山醫學雜誌,18(2),303-316。[Wu, T. J., Teng, C. H., Chih, M. H., Tseng, S. M. & Yuan, S. C. (2007). Nursing competencies and Its related factors in amedical center. Chung Shan Medical Journal, 18(2), 303-316]
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