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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁神梅、李孟訓、林俞君、劉冠男 (2007)。我國生技產業關鍵成功因素之研究。東吳經濟商學學報,(56),27-51。
  2. 尹倩玉、李啓誠、許佳琪、蔡怡貞、謝旻鳳 (2003)。台灣醫療器材業策略態勢與發展方向之分析-以五鼎公司、百略公司、及必翔公司爲例。正修學報,(16),235 -253。
  3. 王妙伶、甘秋斌、張盛鴻 (2010)。生技產業新產品開發專案組合評選方法之探討。明新學報,36(2),159 -173。
  4. 王建民、陳旭播、趙永祥 (2007)。國際化程度與產品多角化策略對公司價值與財務績效影響之研究-以台灣電子業上市公司爲例。育達學院學報,14,17-42。
  5. 王啟安 (2009)。多角化對績效及風險的影響:以銀行與信用合作社為例。(碩士論文,臺北科技大學,2029)。Horizon資訊檢索起始平台。
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