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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林麗嬋、吳婉翎、翟文英(民99)。住民照顧衝擊:長期照護機構評鑑決策模式發展基礎。長期照護雜誌,14(2),125-135。
  2. 吳佳芳(民98)。從家戶到機構的安養模式:以台北市銀髮村老人自費安養中心為例(碩士論文)。取自
  3. 吳淑瓊(民94)。人口老化與長期照護政策。國家政策季刊,4(4),5-24。
  4. 陳惠蕙(民99)。探討高齡者家屬選擇機構式照護之影響因素(碩士論文)。取自
  5. 陳小萍(民95)。機構特性、知覺風險、涉入程度與個人因素對消費者意願之研究 -以三種不同類型的長期照護機構為例(碩士論文)。取自
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張育豪(2013)。長期照護機構經營模式之研究。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2013。1-102。 
  2. 雷子仁(2015)。居家照顧服務員工作價值觀、工作投入對留任意願之影響關係。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2015。1-86。 
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