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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尹祚芊、林小玲(2009)。醫學中心護理人員工作環境之研究。榮總護理,26卷2期。117-187。
  2. 王郁智、章淑娟、朱正一(2005)。升遷機會、社會支持、工作滿意度與留任意願之相關性研究。志為護理,5卷4期,90-101。
  3. 王靜琳(2005)。護理人員工作壓力、社會支持與專業承諾之相關性研究。(碩士論文)。取自
  4. 王靜琳、黃瓊玉、呂桂雲、何美瑤(2007)。護理人員工作壓力與社會支持之探討。榮總護理,24卷1期,59-68。
  5. 余玉如、洪淑文、吳羿寬、蔡麗娟、王惠美、林綽娟(2008)。雲嘉地區醫院護理人員工作滿意與生活品質之探討。護理雜誌,55卷2期,29-37。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方淑怡(2015)。工作者的工作-生活衝突、社會支持、疲勞與幸福感之關係探討:以中部地區為例。中山醫學大學心理學系暨臨床心理學碩士班學位論文。2015。1-101。 
  2. 李淑靜(2015)。螺絲業本國勞工家庭支持對薪資滿意度與留任意願關係之調節效果。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2015。1-74。
  3. 仲偉靜(2016)。人力留任策略對教學醫院護理人員工作滿意度的影響。中山大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-152。
  4. 李文鈴(2016)。探討社會支持與工作尋找行為之研究:以電話客服人員為例。中山大學人力資源管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-80。
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