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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王柏崴(2008)。綠色消費行為意圖及其相關因素之研究-以臺北市某國中學生為例。國立臺灣師範大學政治學研究所法律與生活教學碩士班碩士學位論文,未出版,臺北市。
  2. 李佳容(2001)。運用網際網路促進國小高年級學生綠色消費行為之介入研究。國立臺灣師範大學衛生教育研究所碩士學位論文,未出版,臺北市。
  3. 林玉貴(2001)。青少年及青年食品綠色消費認知、態度及行為研究。國立臺灣師範大學家政教育學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  4. 林淑玲(2009)。國中生綠色消費行為之調查研究—以臺北縣新莊學區 為例。國立臺灣師範大學政治學研究所法律與生活教學碩士班碩士學位論文,未出版,臺北市。
  5. 莊博閔(2009)。國中生綠色消費知識、態度與行為之調查研究-以臺北縣某國中為例。國立臺灣師範大學政治學研究所法律與生活教學碩士班碩士學位論文,未出版,臺北市。
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