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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王明玲(2003)。學校志工領導行為影響志工組織發展之研究----以臺北縣國小志工為例。臺灣師範大學社會教育研究所,未出版,台北市。
  2. 何俊賢(2006)。臺北縣國民小學女性志工參與志願服務動機與滿意度之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  3. 吳清山、林天祐(2005)。教育新辭書。台北市:高等教育。
  4. 林世清(2003)。高雄市國民小學導護義工工作滿意度與生活品質之研究。國立高雄師範大學工業科技教育學系碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
  5. 林海清(1990)。學校義工制度探微。師友月刊,280,24-26。
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張亞梅(2012)。內政部入出國及移民署志工參與動機 與組織承諾之關係。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2012。1-120。 
  2. 徐于惠(2012)。教育部資訊志工服務動機之研究。長榮大學資訊管理學系(所)學位論文。2012。1-51。 
  3. 黃美銀(2013)。文化志工參與動機、工作投入、工作滿足與終身學習能力之關聯性研究。臺中科技大學企業管理系事業經營碩士班學位論文。2013。1-111。 
  4. 黃碧月(2011)。臺中市國民小學學校志工參與動機與組織承諾關係之研究。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2011。1-164。 
  5. 吳霈宸(2012)。桃園縣學校志工領導人正向領導策略與工作滿意之關係研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-130。
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