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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 164 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部(2004)。外籍與大陸配偶生活狀況調查報告。台北,內政部。
  2. 白滌清、李增興(1999)。企業管理教育中服務品質之研究-利用品質機能展開法,淡江人文社會學刊,3,191-213。
  3. 江義平(2000)。教學服務品質衡量模式建構及分析之研究,亞太管理評論,5 (1),95-115。
  4. 何修仁、畢威寧(2008)。應用品質機能展開於大學國文輔導課程設計之研究,聯大學報,5(1),1-21。
  5. 吳泓怡、程貳隆、王銘宗、陳啟明(2008)。應用SERVQUAL與品質機能展開於文教產業服務品質之提昇。顧客滿意學刊,4(1),163-202。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林宜亭(2017)。應用品質機能展開在國小教師對學校心理契約的期望與滿意度之研究。虎尾科技大學企業管理系經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-74。
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