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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 226 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王維潔(2010)。路康建築設計哲學論文集。臺北:田園。
  2. 田福連(2009)。文化領導創新思維與啟發-以高雄市國小校長為例。實踐博雅學報。
  3. 史美奐(2003)。國中教師創新教學專業能力之研究—以台北市國民中學為例。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所,未出版,臺北。
  4. 李文欣(2003)。國際策略聯盟長期績效之研究。國立成功大學國際企業研究所,未出版,臺南。
  5. 李振昆(2007)。策略聯盟探討與個案分析。國立清華大學高階經營管理碩士在職專班,未出版,新竹。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳建邦(2013)。大學校園古蹟再利用之評估。長榮大學土地管理與開發學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-143。 
  2. 楊佳娟(2011)。優質學校校園營造指標建構之研究-以臺北市、新北市為例。政治大學教育行政與政策研究所學位論文。2011。1-241。
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