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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林志成(2001)。學校公關之迷思困境暨其推動策略。 學校行政雙月刊 11,4-13。
  2. 學術研討會手冊,133-146。
  3. 胡峻豪(1997)。國民小學校長之衝突管理策略及其成效之研究。國立臺北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  4. 陳巨峰(2005)。國民中學師生衝突成因及教師因應策略之研究。國立臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班論文,未出版,臺北市。
  5. 陳淑媛。(2005)。教師情緒管理與師生衝突因應策略之研究--以台中市國民中學為例。國立臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳麗君(2011)。桃園縣國小高年級級任教師正向管教與班級經營效能關係之研究。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2011。1-148。
  2. 王麗芳(2012)。高中職生知覺教師正向管教與偏差行為之相關研究-以臺南市為例。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2012。1-148。
  3. 林綸昕(2012)。國中生知覺教師正向管教與其自我控制、偏差行為關聯性之探討。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2012。1-149。
  4. 蔡明修(2014)。零體罰政策之國小教師管教態度與因應作為。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2014。1-145。
  5. 黃聲豪(2014)。中小學教師對於運用修復式正義理念 處理學生衝突態度之研究。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2014。1-225。
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