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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尹祚芊、林小玲(2009).醫學中心護理人員工作環境之研究.榮總護理,26(2),177-187。
  2. 尹裕君(2008).護理人力、病人安全與護理品質.榮總護理,25(4),350-355。
  3. 王郁智、章淑娟、朱正一(2006).升遷機會、社會支持、工作滿意度與留任意願之相關性研究,志為護理,5(4),90-101。
  4. 尹裕君(2005).新制醫院評鑑與護理品質管理.榮總護理,22(2),109-116。
  5. 毛筱艷,梁應平(2003).文化對於基層員工工作負荷過重、角色衝突、角色模糊與工作倦怠之影響研究.交大商管學報,8(1),55~78。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃湘鈞(2017)。以健康信念模式探討醫學中心新生兒病房護理人員施行早產兒疼痛控制措施之現況及其相關影響因素。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2017。1-143。 
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