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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 103 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王秀華、李淑芳(2004)。成年人運動階段與健康生活品質之研究。
  2. 中華民國體育學會體育學報,36,1-16。
  3. 朱逸民(2003)。老人運動傷害。聲洋防癌之聲冬季號─防癌講座,17-24。
  4. 艾建宏、賴韻宇、蘇翰松(2006)。高爾夫運動參與動機與滿意度之研究─以台北高爾夫俱樂部為例。輔仁大學體育學刊,5,60-76。
  5. 何榮生(2006)。台灣高爾夫球場經營管理策略研究。國立清華大學高階主管經營管理碩士在職專班,新竹市。
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡育豪(2008)。彰化縣中老年人參與外丹功專業化程度與健康自評之關係。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-89。
  2. 余志鴻(2008)。優酪乳飲用者健康自評之研究。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-97。
  3. 陳婉婷(2008)。瑜珈專業化程度對參與者健康自評之關係。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-94。
  4. 郭姿廷(2009)。游泳專業化程度與健康自評之關係。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2009。1-80。
  5. 張毓芳(2009)。流行音樂欣賞者專業化程度與健康自評之關係。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-111。
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