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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李家銘、黃琮琪(1993)。模型選擇與動態設定-以台灣漁產品需求為例。農業經濟半年刊,73,165-197。
  2. 林丙輝、張嘉孟、劉雪華(1997)。台灣國際觀光旅館規模經濟與範疇經濟之研究。觀光研究學報,3(2),1-15。
  3. 徐仲德(2006)。國際觀光旅館特徵價格之研究。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士論文,台中。
  4. 張德儀、黃旭男(2006)。台灣地區國際觀光旅館績效評估之研究-灰色關聯分析與資料包絡分析法應用之比較。觀光研究學報,(12)1,67-90。
  5. 曹勝雄、江麗文、蔡倩雯(1996)。計量經濟模式在國際觀光需求應用之研究。戶外遊憩研究,9(1),1-29。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林佑蓉(2008)。國際觀光旅館國人住宿需求彈性不對稱之研究。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-70。
  2. 歐子廷(2011)。日本出境旅遊需求體系季節變動效果之研究。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-84。
  3. 張貴森(2013)。來台旅客住宿需求預測之研究--灰色預測方法之應用。朝陽科技大學旅館經營產業碩士專班學位論文。2013。1-55。
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