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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 132 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7. 白滌清、李增興(1999)。企業管理教育中服務品質之研究-利用品質機能展開法。淡江人文社會學刊,3,191-213。
  2. 14. 何郁如、湯秋玲 (1989)。墾丁國家公園住宿服務現況之研究。戶外遊憩研究,2(1),51-62。
  3. 16. 呂鴻得(1993)。服務品質與顧客滿意度關係之研究─以流通業為實證。中日美流通業研討會。經濟部商業司。
  4. 20. 林士彥(2004)。結合灰關聯分析與品質機能展開法探討形象商圈服務品質之研究。生物與休閒事業研究,2(2),151-178。
  5. 21. 林士彥(2005a)。休閒旅遊服務之產品層次探討─以渡假民宿為例。顧客滿意學刊,1(1),145-168。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周世忠(2011)。雲林縣華山地區民宿休閒產業經營策略之研究。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2011。1-163。 
  2. 石名君(2007)。台灣民宿品質認證之研究。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-131。
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