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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 187 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 呂長賜(2006),集集地區遊客旅遊動機、滿意度與重遊意願之
  2. 5. 李政道(2006),羽球場館消費者參與動機與參與行為之研究,
  3. 9. 林美玲(2001),能力水準、參與選擇自由與運動休閒滿意之相
  4. 12. 挑戰2008:國家發展重點計畫2002-2007(2005),台北:行政院
  5. 15. 侯錦雄、姚靜婉(1997),市民休閒生活態度與公園使用滿意度
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾媛琛(2014)。東豐自行車綠廊遊客之環境感受、地方依附與消費效益關係之研究。逢甲大學土地管理學系學位論文。2014。1-127。 
  2. 吳聲汶(2010)。臺北市河濱自行車道參與者傳播媒介使用對風險知覺影響之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-115。
  3. 廖鴻霖(2010)。以手段目的鏈探討自行車運動休閒價值。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-118。
  4. 謝惠玲(2013)。以自行車為主要休閒活動者之休閒滿意度研究-以高雄市為例。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-102。
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