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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 文崇一、張春曉(1979),職業聲望與職業對社會的實用性,台灣人力資源會議報告,台北:中央研究院經濟研究所。
  2. 王月伶(2005),健康概念分析,護理雜誌,52(1),40-43。
  3. 吳珩潔(2002),大台北地區民眾休閒滿意度與幸福感之研究,台灣師範大學運動休閒所。
  4. 李明榮(1997),從生活型態看休閒文化演進,師友,4-5。
  5. 高淑芬、蕭冰如、蔡秀敏、邱珮怡(2000),老人的健康促進生活型態與衛生教育,護理雜誌, 47(1),13-18。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王青怡(2011)。休閒效益與生活品質對生活滿意度預測之研究。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2011。1-81。 
  2. 池東達(2016)。素食者生活型態、社會支持對生活滿意度之研究。朝陽科技大學工業工程與管理系學位論文。2016。1-105。
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