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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 池文海、林憬,(2004),運用SEM模式探討遊客滿意度-以花蓮縣為例,觀光研究學報,10(2),pp.35-50
  2. 吳淑女,(2003),原住民社區對於觀光衝擊之知覺分析—以山美社區為例,規劃學報,第30期,pp.15-27
  3. 林憶蘋、歐聖榮、林建堯,(2002),金門地區居民對觀光發展衝擊認知之研究,興大園藝,27(4),pp.63-76
  4. 林瑩昭、沈芳宜、陳靜怜,(2004),清境農場居民對觀光發展認知之研究,餐旅暨家政學刊,1(2),pp.203-218
  5. 林佳薇,(2007),觀光客對觀光目的地原始、誘發至複合意象之變動-以王功為例,碩士論文,靜宜大學觀光事業學系,台中
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃彩茹(2011)。社區居民對老街再利用之態度探討-以金瓜石祈堂老街為例。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2011。1-149。 
  2. 郭嘉雯(2012)。民眾對環境敏感地區觀光旅遊發展之認知。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-151。
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