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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 123 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江建國(2005)。都市政治與環境影響評估-台北市環境影響評估的案例研究。國立台灣大學建築與城鄉研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 行政院環境保護署(1996a)。台灣地區水質監測年報。
  3. 李明宗(1988)。戶外遊憩名詞解釋。戶外遊憩研究,1(1), 83-84。
  4. 李素馨(2004)。台灣休閒農業之體驗付費與觀光商品化現象。觀光研究學報,10(1),133-145。
  5. 林哲民(2006)。開發行為對環境影響評估審查結論及承諾的履行之探討:以中部科學工業園區台中基地為例。國立中興大學環境工程研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳佩宜(2014)。河岸空間與周遭環境改善計畫之探討─以林邊溪林邊段為例。屏東科技大學景觀暨遊憩管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-111。 
  2. 范郁敏(2011)。國小高年級綜合活動「保護自我與環境」創新課程設計與實施~以水資源為例。臺灣師範大學創造力發展碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-140。
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