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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 156 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江文雄(1996)。技術及職業教育概論。台北: 師大書苑。
  2. 吳崇旗(2004)。建構戶外冒險教育效益機轉之模式。臺灣體育大學體育研究所博士論文,台北。
  3. 余紫瑛(1990)。探索教育活動影響國中學生自我概念與人際關係之實驗研究。台師大公民與領導研究所碩士論文,台北。
  4. 李誠(2000)。人力資源管理的十二堂課。台北:天下遠見,頁62。
  5. 李詩鎮(2003)。探索活動團體氣氛與休閒效益關係研究。朝陽科大休閒研究所碩士論文,台中。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭淑娟(2014)。原高雄縣國小教師對縣巿合併後校務管理系統使用者滿意度與工作績效之研究。樹德科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-135。 
  2. 張堯珺(2010)。金融人員人格特質、工作績效與工作滿足關聯性之研究。大同大學資訊經營學系所學位論文。2010。1-93。
  3. 林柄呈(2012)。外籍勞工人格特質對工作績效的影響-以萬國人力公司引進人員為例。朝陽科技大學企業管理系學位論文。2012。1-101。
  4. 王昱淇(2012)。冒險教育訓練課程對高關懷班教師知能提升之研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-143。
  5. 楊宗翰(2014)。探索教育活動參與認知與自我轉換型領導特質之關聯性研究。朝陽科技大學企業管理系學位論文。2014。1-84。
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