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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 148 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王梅香、江澤群(2003)。台北市青少年休閒動機與休閒參與之研究。北體學報,11,203-216。
  2. 吳翠珍(1998)。解毒媒體:我們需要媒體素養教育。人本教育札記,111,17-20。
  3. 李素馨(1997)。都市女性休閒類型和休閒阻礙。戶外休憩研究,10(1),43-68。
  4. 李維靈、張利中、郭世和(2006)。應用音樂探索活動增進大學生情緒智力之研究。中華輔導學報,20,153-174。
  5. 李維靈、郭世和、張利中(2004)。音樂偏好與情緒智力之相關研究-以某大學休閒系一年級學生為例之初探。大葉學報,13(2),p39-47。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳慧馨(2010)。台東縣家庭社經背景、課後活動與幼兒在校行為之研究。臺東大學教育學系學位論文。2010。1-181。 
  2. 林靖珊(2012)。台中市高中生情緒智力與病態飲食行為傾向之相關研究。中山醫學大學營養學研究所學位論文。2012。1-118。 
  3. 柯金苗(2011)。情緒智力及情緒勞務之關聯-大五人格與年齡的調節效果。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-72。
  4. 陳梓喬(2011)。體適能與學業成績及情緒智力之相關研究-以新北市立福和國中為例。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2011。1-117。
  5. 陳淑芳(2011)。國小學生情緒管理與班級氣氛關係之研究-以桃園市公立國小高年級為例。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2011。1-182。
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