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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台灣長期照護專業協會(2004)。台閩地區長期照護資源名冊。台北:台灣長期照護專業協會。
  2. 李怡娟、連倚南、林月春 (2001)。脊髓損傷患者之長期照護需求。護理研究,9(4),127-138。
  3. 呂美玲(2003)。老年人健康狀況、身體活動與功能性體適能相關之探討。國立台灣師範大學體育學系研究所碩士論文。未出版,台北市。
  4. 林富勤、邱啟潤(2004)。接受居家服務老人生活品質及相關因素探討。長期照護雜誌,8(1),56-78。
  5. 邱啟潤、王秀紅(1987)。老年人自沃照顧能力及其相關因素之探討。高雄醫學科學雜誌,3(2),69-78。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張雅惠(2012)。醫院護理人員對我國長照十年計畫之認知及其相關因素探討。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2012。1-127。
  2. 楊麗玉(2012)。臺南市曾文區失能老人照顧之研究。中正大學政治學系學位論文。2012。1-134。
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