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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛家船、張玨(1996 )。護理倫理困窘與護理決策過程。護理雜誌43 ( 1 ) , 40 一45 。
  2. 李明濱(1997 )。病人自主與知情同意,醫學教育1 ( 4 ) , 377 一388 。
  3. 林靜蘭、蕭淑貞、黃宣宜(2005 )。社區精神護理持續性護理的現況及展望。護理雜誌,52 ( 1 ) , 11 一17 。
  4. 彭美琪、許銘(2006 )。建構社區精神病患照護炯一以台北縣為例。長期照護遑雜誌10 ( 4 ) , 323 一332 。
  5. 陳美碧(1994 )。臺北市北區慢性精神病患心理衛生需求之探討。國立陽明大學碩士論文,台北國立陽明大學。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭孝如(2017)。警察強制護送就醫制度之研究-以精神衛生法第32條為中心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-234。 
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