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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方貴英(2007)。衛生所公衛護理人員核心職能自覺評估-以嘉義縣為例。未發表論
  2. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2006)。2005年臺灣各縣市衛生所統計年報。台北縣,行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  3. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2006)。2005年臺灣各縣市衛生所統計年報。台北縣:行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  4. 李淑婷、謝臥龍、邱啟潤(2001)。衛生所護理師角色功能之探討-德爾菲研究。護理研究,9(3),269-278。
  5. 李麗傳(1999)。個案管理師角色與功能。護理雜誌,46(5),55-60。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張維倫(2011)。探討公衛護士與民眾對公衛護士護理能力需求之看法-以臺北巿為例。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-156。 
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