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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王靜枝(2001)。Prevalence and Correlates of Depressive Symptoms in the Elderly of Rural Communities in Southern Taiwan。The Journal of Nursing Research,9(3),1-12。
  2. 王靜怡、王子娟、郭藍遠、梁忠詔、江傳江(2004)。花蓮市社區老人身體功能障礙發生情況及相關身體功能之初探。物理治療,29(5),293-301。
  3. 王靜怡、梁忠詔、謝清麟、陳拓榮(2005)。醫院老年志工與對照組於身體功能表現及憂鬱程度之差異。台灣醫學,9(6),733-739。
  4. 呂淑妤、林宗義(2000)。南部社區老人憂鬱症狀盛行率及相關因素研究。台灣公共衛生雜誌,19(1),50-60。
  5. 周玉慧、莊義利(2000)。晚年生活壓力、社會支持與老年人身心健康之變遷:長期資料分析。人文與社會科學集刊,12(2),281-317。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾奕然(2012)。脆弱老人量表可預測台灣老人四年之死亡情形。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2012。1-58。 
  2. 李婉蔆(2010)。台灣中老年人自覺壓力、社會支持和憂鬱傾向之相關性探討。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2010。1-96。 
  3. 曹國璽(2011)。老人經濟壓力、社會支持及憂鬱傾向之相關研究。國立臺北教育大學心理與諮商學系學位論文。2011。1-70。 
  4. 林欣韻(2008)。戶基護航網絡與老年人憂鬱傾向之影響。亞洲大學長期照護研究所學位論文。2008。1-134。
  5. 吳昆達(2011)。非正式社會支持網絡與支持滿意對中老年人憂鬱傾向之影響。亞洲大學健康管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-81。
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