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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台閩地區護理之家資源分佈表:衛生署護理暨健康照護處,96/07製表吳淑瓊(2000).機構式長期照護品質指標之建立。中華民國長期照護專業協會(行政院衛生署八十八、八十九年度委託研究計畫)。
  2. 邱亨嘉(1999)。基本資料庫─護理之家(MDS-NH)中文版之發展與應用。長期照護雜誌,3(2),28-34。
  3. 李世代(1997)。長期照護的品質要求與規範─美國(OBRA)法案簡介。長期照護雜誌,1(1),15-17。
  4. 林恆慶、楊長興、張文英、張文麗(2002)。美國Medicare確保醫療品質計畫之發展。慈濟護理雜誌,1(2),17-23。
  5. 胡月娟、林豐裕、周易瑩(2003)。護理之家照護品質之先驅研究。長期照護雜誌,7(1),19-37。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林京慧(2009)。護理之家之機構主管對照護品質指標認同觀點之研究-以中部地區為例。亞洲大學長期照護研究所在職專班學位論文。2009。1-156。
  2. 江滿(2010)。中彰投地區護理之家工作人員對98年護理之家評鑑指標看法。亞洲大學長期照護研究所在職專班學位論文。2010。1-62。
  3. 楊惠真(2012)。護理之家照顧服務品質之多層級分析_以中部地區四縣市為例。中正大學社會福利學系學位論文。2012。1-280。
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