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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Awad A.G., Voruganti L.N.P. and Heslegrave R.J.(1997). Measuring Quality of Life in Patients with Schizophrenia. Pharmacoeconomics 11(1), 32-47.
  2. Awad A.G., Voruganti L.N.P.(2000). Intervention research in Psychosis: Issues Related to the Assessment of Quality of Life. Schizophrenia Bull, 26(3), 557-564.
  3. Bebbington Paul, Marsden Lucy, Brewin Chris R.(1999). The treatment of psychiatric disorder in the community: Report from the Camberwell Needs for Care Survey. Journal of Mental Health. 8(1), 7-17.
  4. Bengtsson-Tops A., Hansson L (1999). Clinical and social needs of schizophrenic ouptients living in the community:The relationship between needs and subjective quality of life. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol, 34, 513-518.
  5. Bengtsson-Tops A., Hansson L.(1999) Subjective quality of life in schizophrenic patients living in the community Relationship to clinical and social characteristics. Eur Psychiatry, 14, 256-63.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余文雯(2012)。社區精神分裂症個案自我照顧能力與家屬負荷程度之研究。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2012。1-123。 
  2. 葉人豪(2007)。社區精神分裂症患者主要照顧者需要狀況之生活品質與負荷。亞洲大學長期照護研究所學位論文。2007。1-146。
  3. 王芯婷(2007)。精神障礙者勞動與生活場域開創行動~以桃源二村有機農場為例。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2007。1-176。
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