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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 127 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王素琴(2004):約束指標監測。於行政院衛生署指導,中華民國長期照護專業協會承辦,九十三年度護理機構區域輔導計畫-護理之家六項品質指標監測執行成果觀摩會。台北:耕莘醫院。
  2. 杜玉卿(2003):護理家老人的激能感受與其生活品質之相關探討。高雄:高雄醫學大學護理學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 林佳瑤(2003):利用品質機能展開改善護理之家服務品質要素。台中:中國醫藥學院醫務管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 林恆慶、楊長興、張文英、張文麗(2002):美國Medicare確保醫療品質計畫之發展。慈濟護理雜誌,1(2):17-23。
  5. 吳小莉(2004):非計畫性轉急性醫院住院指標監測。於行政院衛生署指導、中華民國長期照護專業協會承辦,九十三年度護理機構區域輔導計畫-護理之家六項品質指標監測執行成果觀摩會。台北:耕莘醫院。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳麗娟(2008)。以『護理之家照護品質觀測性指標』量表測量護理之家照護品質-以台中市為例。亞洲大學長期照護研究所學位論文。2008。1-103。
  2. 張詩莉(2009)。膳食性益生菌補充對於長期照護機構老年住民之排便情形的影響。亞洲大學長期照護研究所在職專班學位論文。2009。1-84。
  3. 周羿含(2010)。癌末病患之便秘護理問題處置分析-以某醫學中心為例。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-83。
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