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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李世代(2001).長期照護之概說.當代醫學,29(1),60-69。
  2. 李世代、廖英茵(2004).老人常見的營養問題—以長期照護機構老年住民之經驗為例.護理雜誌,51(5),21-26。
  3. 朱慧凡、吳肖琪(2004).台灣六十五歲以上榮民住院之相關因素分析.台灣衛誌,23(4),297-304。
  4. 杜明勳(1996).南部某榮民安養之家住家榮民健康狀況調查.中華衛誌,15(1),97-105。
  5. 彭惠臻、關欣怡、楊凌鈴、李秋惠、彭實林、高森永(2006).榮家住民之醫療服務滿意度調查研究.醫療品質雜誌,3(2),20-31。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林青(2011)。從歷史制度論探討社會照顧機構之組織變遷。屏東科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2011。1-194。 
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