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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署(1998)。1993-1996國民營養狀況變遷調查。線上檢索日期:2008年4月29日
  2. 李世代、廖英茵(2004):老人常見的營養問題—以長期照護機構老年住民之經驗為例。護理雜誌,51(5):21-25。
  3. 金惠民、田玫、廖英茵(2002):老人居家照護個案營養專業介入之成效探討。中華民國營養學會雜誌,27(4):232-238。
  4. 邱怡玟、林文元、謝柏均、李家霙、邱瓊慧(2003):長期照護機構住民營養狀態評估指標之研究。實證護理,1(2):112-121。
  5. 楊瑞珍、黃璉華、胡幼慧、白璐(1995):自費安養機構老人的自覺健康狀況。護理雜誌,3(4):353-362。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝芷霖(2015)。台灣漢生病患口腔健康與營養狀況之研究。臺北醫學大學醫學檢驗暨生物技術學系所學位論文。2015。1-64。 
  2. 裴駿(C. Pei);李國男(K. N. Lee);黃建華(C. H. Haung);黃德劭(D. S. Huang)(2013)。新型長期臥床病患體重量測系統-先導研製及評估。福祉科技與服務管理學刊。1(3)。13-22。 
  3. 蔡宜珊(2017)。含高量牛乳蛋白及難消化性麥芽糊精之配方對長期照護住民營養改善之研究。中山醫學大學營養學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-92。
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