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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林瑞祥(2004):糖尿病的預防,衛生署國民健康局網站-中老年保健網
  2. 林邵雯、陳明琪、張雅芬、陳素娥(2004):糖尿病共同照護網實施成效:中部某區域醫院為例。健康促進暨衛生教育雜誌,23:55-66.
  3. 章淑娟、傅振宗(2004):花蓮縣糖尿病照護品質病患成果評估及其 預測因子。慈濟護理雜誌,3(4):38-48
  4. 郝立智、趙海倫、簡崇仁、楊純宜、林興中、李鎮堃、奚明德、葛光中、柴國樑、鄭錦翔(2007):某地區教學醫院糖尿病門診病患個案管理照護之成效探討。中華民國內分泌暨糖尿病學會刊,20(4): 11-33。
  5. 陳滋茨、張媚、林豔君(1998):自我效能、社會支持與糖尿病患者居家自我照顧行為相關之探討。護理研究,6(1):31-42
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 譚家惠(2013)。醫療給付改善方案與照護過程對糖尿病病人健康結果之影響。國立臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-123。 
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