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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 242 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國體育學會、行政院體育委員會(2000)。休閒活動。台北:
  2. 行政院體育委員會。
  3. 王曼溪(1999)。住院老年人生活品質之探討。榮總護理,16(4),
  4. 李維靈、施建彬、邱翔蘭(2007).退休老人休閒活動參與及其幸
  5. 活滿意度。國立高雄師範大學成人教育研究所碩士論文,高雄。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 管天麟(2011)。由通用設計理念探討高齡者使用公園步道之設計-以台北市大安森林公園為例。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2011。1-107。 
  2. 黃瓊儀(2015)。樂齡族群對於休閒行為意圖之探討-以博奕娛樂行為為例。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2015。1-106。 
  3. 蘇暐婷(2016)。高齡者參與活躍老化方案之成效探討。臺灣大學公共衛生碩士學位學程學位論文。2016。1-103。 
  4. 麥意松(2010)。退休員警生活滿意度關聯性分析—以臺北縣為例。臺北大學統計學系學位論文。2010。1-91。
  5. 吳佳玲(2010)。臺北縣國民小學退休教師社會參與及幸福感關係之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-170。
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