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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李文欽、張舜智、黃忠餘(2006).慢性腎臟病防治的共識與準則.腎臟與透析,18(2),93~98。
  2. 張肇松、杜佩蘭、梁浙西、黃英忠(2006).從國際觀點看台灣醫療體系的績效.台灣醫務管理學會專刊7(3),263~283。
  3. 廖秋萍、蔣偉姣、陳淑娟(2006).腹膜透析病患生活品質及其相關因素探討.台灣腎臟護理學會雜誌,5(1),22-38。
  4. 陳金順、洪永祥、林石化、朱柏齡(2006).腹膜透析患者殘餘腎功能探討.腎臟與透析,18(1),19-23。
  5. 藺汝平(2006).透析療法.慈濟醫學,65~70。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林麗真(2011)。比較傾向分數配對後不同透析模式病患之長期醫療成本。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-85。 
  2. 黃秀蓁(2008)。末期腎病患者選擇透析方式之相關因素探討—以中部某醫學中心為例。亞洲大學長期照護研究所學位論文。2008。1-152。
  3. 王孝榮(2011)。探討不同透析方式罹患腦中風之相對風險因子。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-56。
  4. 洪培豪(2015)。「不施行」與「終止或撤除」透析治療之憲法爭議。中正大學法律學系學位論文。2015。1-162。
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