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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 王維吟,張燕良等人(2006):兒童扁桃線切除手術論病例計酬制實施之影響評估。輔仁醫學期刊,4(2):73-81。
  2. 4. 朱光興(2003):1997~2000 年全國外科麻醉醫療費用改變情形之探討:以四項論病例計酬手術為例。高雄醫學大學健康科學院公共衛生研究所碩士論文。
  3. 7. 李英春(2003):疼痛管理對病人手術後疼痛控制之成效-以某醫學中心全人工膝關節置換數為例。高雄醫學大學健康科學院公共衛生研究所醫務管理碩士論文。
  4. 8. 李金德(2003):醫師手術量與療效及資源耗用之關係-以腹腔鏡膽囊切除手術為例。高醫醫學大學公共研究所。.
  5. 10. 林恆慶(2003):醫院權屬別對其論病例計酬醫療費用影響之分析-以剖腹生產為例。慈濟醫學,15(1):55-59。
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