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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王香蘋(2004)。1999 年台灣地區中老年人健康狀況之探討。弘光學報,43,95-109。
  2. 朱嘉華、方進隆﹙2001﹚。運動與睡眠品質之探討。中華體育,11(2),98-108。
  3. 呂淑妤、林宗義(2000)。南部社區老人憂鬱症狀盛行率及相關因素研究。中華衛誌,19(1),50-60。
  4. 林怡君、余豎文、張宏哲(2004)。新店地區機構和非機構老人憂鬱情形及相關因素之調查。台灣家庭醫學雜誌,14(2),81-93。
  5. 林嘉玲(2000)。自費安養機構老人睡眠品質及其相關因素之探討。國立台灣大學護理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾秋燕(2011)。音樂治療於改善安養護機構老年人長期失眠成效之研究。臺東大學進修部休閒事業管理組碩(夜間)學位論文。2011。1-102。 
  2. 舒敬媛(2011)。老人運動階段與健康相關生活品質之關係:睡眠品質的中介影響。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-120。 
  3. 程淑珠(2011)。眩暈患者的生活壓力、社會支持和睡眠品質之探討。國立臺北教育大學生命教育與健康促進研究所學位論文。2011。1-143。 
  4. 游凱宇(2009)。台灣地區老人自評睡眠品質與跌倒之相關研究。亞洲大學健康管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-134。
  5. 孔佩瑩(2011)。重鬱症患者睡眠品質及其影響因素之模式建構。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-186。
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