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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱道凱譯(1999)。平衡計分卡—資訊時代的策略管理工具。台北市:臉譜文化事業股份有限公司。
  2. 李逢春(2003)。生物科技發展下台灣製藥產業之經營現況與策略。元智大學管理研究所。桃園縣:未出版碩士論文。
  3. 吳娟娟(2002)。財務績效指標之重要性分析研究-以台灣化學工業上市公司為例。中原大學會計學系研究所。桃園縣:未出版碩士論文。
  4. 俞海琴、陳慧娟(1999)。我國上市公司成長、槓桿與托賓Q關聯之研究。風險管理學報,1(1),81-101。
  5. 彭作奎、蔡碩倉、林信山、吳天方、鄧倩怡、蔡秉叡等(2004)。農業生物科技之管理與價值創造環境之建立:台灣蝴蝶蘭產業之研究。農委會補助計畫(93農科-1.5.1-企-Q1)研究報告,台中縣:亞洲大學經營管理學系。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃博暉(2008)。研究發展對台灣生技產業經營績效之實證研究。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-56。
  2. 郭書豪(2012)。台灣生物技術服務業發展之關鍵成功因素之研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2012。1-127。
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