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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國長期照護專業協會(2000)。台閩地區長期照護機構名冊。臺北:中華民國長期照護專業協會。
  2. 杜敏世、陳敏雄、譚雪麗、李碧欗、張治安、王美鳳(1999)。「護理之家成本初探(I)-前言、基本介紹及成本推計」。長期照護雜誌。4(1),35-47。
  3. 杜敏世、陳敏雄、譚雪麗、李碧欗、張治安、王美鳳(2000)。「護理之家成本初探(II)」。長期照護雜誌。4(1),35-47。
  4. 吳淑瓊(2001)。建構長期照護體系先導計畫。內政部社會司。
  5. 林正介、李采娟、賴玫君、楊文惠、張麗雅、邱怡文、李佳霙、呂美華(2001)。「護理之家成本分析之研究」。行政院衛生署委託計畫。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 古永瑋(2011)。養護型長期照顧機構經營績效與環境因素相關性探討。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-83。 
  2. 林京慧(2009)。護理之家之機構主管對照護品質指標認同觀點之研究-以中部地區為例。亞洲大學長期照護研究所在職專班學位論文。2009。1-156。
  3. 黃厚輯(2010)。行政院衛生署所屬醫院經營績效之研究-三階段資料包絡分析法之應用。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2010。1-54。
  4. 江滿(2010)。中彰投地區護理之家工作人員對98年護理之家評鑑指標看法。亞洲大學長期照護研究所在職專班學位論文。2010。1-62。
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