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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朴英培、黃俊英、郭崑謨(1990)。工作價值觀、領導型態、工作滿足與組織承諾關係之研究*以韓國電子業為例。管理評論,9(1),53-87。
  2. 國政研究報告,社會(研)094-017 號,財團法人國家政策研究基金會。
  3. 祝康偉(2006)。派遣員工與正職員工在組織承諾、工作投入差異之分析-以福利措施條件為干擾變項。未出版碩士論文,國立中央大學人力資源管理研究所,桃園縣。
  4. 黃仲毅(2000)。薪酬公平的認知與醫院員工工作態度關係之探討。未出版碩士論文,臺北醫學大學醫學研究所,台北市。
  5. 中國式管理研討會論文集。臺北市:國立臺灣大學、中國時報。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 左毅(2011)。民意代表領導力與服務處團隊合作對組織績效之影響—以服務處員工感知的調查分析。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-183。
  2. 方心怡(2011)。高雄市國中教師工作壓力、工作投入與組織承諾關係之研究。政治大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-219。
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