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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 109 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王建華(1991)。在社團中創造自己--論國民小學在社團活動實施的成效。師友月刊,284,10-12。
  2. 王淑俐(1995)。青少年情緒的問題-研究與對策。台北市:合記。
  3. 江文雄(1996)。學校經營概念與策略。技術及職業教育,35,11-15。
  4. 吳清山(2004)。學校行政研究。台北:高等教育
  5. 林思妤(1998)。談發展學校特色。師友,371,36-37。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭巧靈(2013)。國民中學偶戲教育學習成效之研究 以全國學生創意偶戲比賽為例。臺北藝術大學藝術與人文教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-187。 
  2. 戴伶倫(2012)。國民中學管樂團團隊效能之研究。臺北藝術大學藝術與人文教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-173。 
  3. 盧瑞清(2011)。體育性社團活動學習動機與學習滿意度之相關研究~以高屏地區高職羽球社學生為例。屏東科技大學休閒運動保健系所學位論文。2011。1-130。 
  4. 鄭雅靜(2011)。屏東縣國民中學社團活動課程現況調查研究。屏東科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-114。 
  5. 賴俍如(2011)。國小級任教師領導風格與學生學習滿意度之相關性研究。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-106。
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