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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 15 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [5]詹明興、鍾玉蘭、黃連龍、林沛洋(民92) 第五章氧化還原反應,高職化學II,勁園文化事業股份有限公司 台北
  2. [8]Appleby, J., Samules, P., & Treasure-Jones, T. (1997). Diagnosys a knowledge-based diagnostic test of basic mathematical skills. Computer Education, Vol.28, No.2, pp.113-131.
  3. [9] Chang, K-E., Liu, S-H., & Chen, S-W. (1998) A testing system for diagnosing misconceptions in DC electric circuits. Computers & Education, 31, 195-210,
  4. [1]郭伯臣(民92) 國小數學科電腦化適性診斷測驗(I)。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫報告(NSC 91-2520-S-142-001)。
  5. [2]郭伯臣、謝友振、張峻豪、蔡坤穎(民94)以結構理論為基礎之適性測驗與適性補救教學線上系統,2005台灣數位學習發展研討會論文集。2005年5月6~7日,國立臺灣師範大學
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄧哲寬(2006)。符合SCORM規範之射出成型數位學習系統建置與研究。中央大學機械工程學系學位論文。2006。1-66。
  2. 林鎮平(2007)。國小數學領域分數四則單元之個別化測驗及數位學習內容設計。亞洲大學資訊工程學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-106。
  3. 林怡濱(2007)。國小數學領域整數四則單元電腦診斷測驗及補救教學系統研發。亞洲大學資訊工程學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-114。
  4. 江文瑋(2007)。探討高中生氧化還原心智模式及概念改變之研究。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-209。
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