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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 131 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.王福林(2007):學校、家庭、社區及社會之拒毒教育。研考雙月刊31(6):38-48。
  2. 業類型學校學生嚼食檳榔行為及危險因子差異性之探討。Mid-Taiwan Journal of
  3. 3.石友馨(2008):家庭教養行為、社區鄰里關係與自我概念對青少年偏差行為之影響。台
  4.  台灣地區在校青少年吸菸、喝酒及嚼食檳榔與藥物使用之盛行率。Mid-Taiwan
  5. 台灣地區在學青少年藥物使用行為與其家庭型態特性之相關。中台灣醫誌,11:P243-
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖志強(2014)。高中職學生成癮物質認知、使用與盛行率之調查研究-以彰化縣為例。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2014。1-212。
  2. 葉俐君(2014)。獨樂樂!?眾樂樂!?少年個別與集體施用K他命的意義。臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文。2014。1-103。
  3. 呂明峻(2016)。高中職學生成癮物質使用盛行率與認知之調查研究-以南投縣為例。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2016。1-140。
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