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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 155 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部統計處(1996)。中華民國八十五年台灣地區兒童生活狀況調查報告。內政部統計處編印。
  2. 王文君(2007)。夏令營選擇之知覺風險與資訊搜尋—以臺中地區小學兒童家長為例。靜宜大學管理碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  3. 何姿嫻(2007)。影響國小學童家長送子女參加課後補習之相關因素研究—以桃園縣中壢市為例。國立中央大學學習與教學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 吳佑珍(2003)。社區照顧服務方案與促進婦女就業─以「彭婉如文教基金會」南區為例。國立成功大學政治經濟學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 吳素如(2007)。新竹地區課後托育教師專業能力與角色知覺之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士班碩士論文。
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