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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂世通等(2007),全球物業管理之產業現況與趨勢,台灣物業管理學會第一 屆研究成果論文。
  2. 林志誠(2007),台灣物業管理服務業產業發展概述,台灣物業管理學會第一 屆研究成果論文。
  3. 吳碧華(2001),餐飲連鎖業店經理專業能力分析之研究,國立臺灣師範大學家 政教育研究所論文。
  4. 施溪泉(1986),高級職業學校專業科目教師專業發展及其影響因素之研究,國 立臺灣師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文。
  5. 徐國樹(1996),高職校長之基本能力研究,國立臺灣師範大學教育學系碩士論 文。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊穎琪(2011)。我國大學生核心能力指標現況調查與建構之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-288。 
  2. 游麗容(2011)。國民中學校長資料導向決策指標建構之研究:ANP的應用。政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-105。
  3. 林忠志(2011)。來源國形象與我族主義對購買意願之研究。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-60。
  4. 鍾鎔壕(2014)。服務人員之專業能力與情緒能力對關係品質及顧客忠誠之影響:以眼鏡業為例。臺北大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-90。
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