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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 游光昭、蔡福興、蕭顯勝、徐毅穎。“線上遊戲式的網路學習成效研究”。高雄師大學報,第17期,頁289-309,2004年。
  2. 簡素秋。“故事教材進行環境議題教學之研究-以「自然生態保育」為例”。國立台灣師範學院社會教育學系碩士論文,2004年。
  3. Doty, D. E., Popplewell, S. R., & Byers, G. O. Interactive CD-ROM storybooksand young readers’ reading comprehension. Journal of Research on Computing in Education, 33(4), 374-384, 2001
  4. Garrison, D. R, A Cognitive Constructivist View of Distance Education:, An Analysis of Teaching-Learning Assumptions. Distance Education, 1993.
  5. Ha, L., & James, E. L. Interactivity reexamined: A baseline analysis of early business. web sites. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 42(4), 457 –474, 1998.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 藍千賀(2011)。應用動畫代理人輔助國小英語教學對學生學習動機與學習成效影響之研究。亞洲大學資訊工程學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-76。
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