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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部統計處(2005)。老人狀況調查報告。台北:內政部統計處。
  2. 江武忠(2007)。社區化長期照護體系-嘉義市個案管理模式為例。長期照護雜誌,11(1),27-34。
  3. 李怡娟、葉若分和張麗春(2003)。建構賦權是以社區為基礎的獨居老人照護模式。護理雜誌,50(3),49-55。
  4. 呂源三、莊玉嬪、詹德欽、莊家銘、洪宏昌(2006)。老人健康需求與長期照顧觀點。台灣老年醫學雜誌,2(1):1-11。
  5. 李蔚貞(2007)。原住民與非原住民失能者長期照護服務使用情形之比較。台灣大學碩博士論文,未出版,台北。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳昆鴻(2015)。失能老人長期照護物理治療服務之相關因素探討。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2015。1-120。 
  2. 吳翠娥(2016)。從偏鄉中老年人需求建構全人長期照顧模式- 以新北市石碇區為例。臺灣大學公共衛生碩士學位學程學位論文。2016。1-135。 
  3. 楊秋萍(2010)。台灣地區失能老人使用醫療及長期照顧服務之相關因素探討。亞洲大學長期照護研究所在職專班學位論文。2010。1-115。
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