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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 142 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文芳 (2003)。家屬安置老人於長期照護機構之經驗。中國醫藥學院護理學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 王國羽、呂朝賢(2004)。世界衛生組織身心障礙人口定義概念之演進:兼論我國身心障礙人口定義系統問題與未來修正方向。社會政策與社會工作學刊,8(2),193-235。
  3. 台灣長期照護專業協會(2008)。臺閩地區長期照護資源名冊。台灣長期照護專業協會編印。
  4. 李怡娟、王潔媛、唐久雯、郭懷婷、尹祚芊 (2006)。從機構負責人及專家的觀點來探討社區型態安養護機構評鑑項目。實證護理,2(3),201-209。
  5. 李孟羲、江蕙娟、胡月娟(2008)。長期照顧機構照護品質監測指標之變革。長期照護雜誌,12(1),32-41。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江滿(2010)。中彰投地區護理之家工作人員對98年護理之家評鑑指標看法。亞洲大學長期照護研究所在職專班學位論文。2010。1-62。
  2. 李愛誠(2011)。居家護理與護理之家照護品質之探討。亞洲大學長期照護研究所學位論文。2011。1-84。
  3. 童佳琪(2012)。大台南地區小型老人養護機構服務品質之探討。中正大學社會福利學系學位論文。2012。1-114。
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