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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 林美娟、翁浴芳,2005,「程式設計電子教科書之輔助理解功能開發研究」,臺灣師範大學資訊教育學系在職進修碩士班碩士論文。
  2. 5. 林靜雯、邱美虹,2007,從認知/方法論之向度初探高中學生模型及建模歷程之知識,論文發表於中華民國科學教育學術研討會,高雄,台灣。
  3. 7. 邱美虹,2007,模型與建模能力之理論架構,論文發表於中華民國科學教育學術研討會,高雄,台灣。
  4. 12. 楊嘉喜、呂其彥,2001,「高中化學教科書錯誤對學生學習影響之探究」,中原大學化學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 18. 羅致遠、劉弘章、林天任,2007,之探討3D Studio MAX 軟體於產品彩現時的全域照明設定與應用-以外掛軟體VRay為例,大同大學工業設計所碩士論文。
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