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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 184 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署之衛生法規資料檢索系統,2009年10月擷取自
  2. 李正文,劉宴尚(2007),網際網路特性與顧客關係之研究─以服務業為例,顧客
  3. 財團法人醫院評鑑暨醫療品質策進會,2009年10擷取自
  4. 傅鍾仁、張錫惠(2002),我國醫療服務品質滿意度之實證研究,台灣管理學刊,
  5. 劉有倫(2005),顧客導向、服務價值、醫療服務品質與病患滿意度之關聯性探討
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳佩君(2016)。以劇場理論探討焦慮與信任對服務價值感的影響-以檢查病人為例。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2016。1-97。
  2. 蘇秀敏(2017)。醫療產業服務品質、知覺價值對推薦行為意願之影響。中山醫學大學醫療產業科技管理學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-136。
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