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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何威杰,2006,從產品生命的衰退探討產品價值延展與創新之研究,國立成功大學工業設計研究所碩士論文。
  2. 邱光輝(2005),知覺產品品質、顧客滿意與顧客忠誠關係之研究—以上海地區東南汽車為例,台北大學企業管理研究所。
  3. 張意珮(2002),「線上遊戲使用者轉換因素之研究」,未出版之碩士論文,元智大學資訊管理研究所,頁15-28。
  4. 陳怡安(2003)。線上遊戲的魅力-以重度玩家為例。台北:南華大學社會所出版。
  5. 劉祥熹.許杰(2008),導入顧客關係管理系統對台灣航空市場搭乘意願提升之研究-以關係品質與關係價值觀點之分析,國立臺北大學國際企業研究所
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