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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 159 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 巫世榮 (2008)。國內照明產業永續經營的關鍵成功因素,企業管理學系碩士論文,國立台北大學,台北市。
  2. 李秀虹 (2003)。台灣製造業實施環境管理系統之效益分析,國際貿易研究所碩士論文,中原大學,桃園縣。
  3. 杜瑞澤、張孟哲 (2004)。綠色產品成功商品化設計之研究,藝術學報,75,87-104。
  4. 杜瑞澤、徐傳瑛、張峻哲 (2009年5月)。永續發展觀點探討企業綠色產品研發績效評估之決策模式,環球科技人文學刊,9,85-101。
  5. 胡耀祖 (2008)。環境治理與永續發展,研習論壇,87,1-7。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王冠為(2011)。價值觀對中部大學生綠色品牌知識、態度及行為意圖之研究-以星巴克為例。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-109。
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