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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳明烈(2004)。歐盟終身學習的發展與實踐策略。比較教育,56,137-170。
  2. 簡佑宏、陳建雄(2005)。動態中文文字呈現方式於小螢幕閱讀之研究。設計學報,10(3),123-138。
  3. 魏靜雯(2004)。心智繪圖與摘要教學對國小五年級學生閱讀理解與摘要能力之影響。國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文,未出版。
  4. 蘇宜芬、林清山(1992)。後設認知訓練課程對國小低閱讀能力學生的閱讀理解能力與後設認知能力之影響。教育心理學報,25,245~267。
  5. Alotaibi, A. Z. (2007). The effect of font size and type on reading performance with Arabic words in normally sighted and simulated cataract subjects. Clinical and Experimental Optometry, 90(3), 203-206. doi: 10.1111/j.1444-0938.2007.00123.x
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 馬翊珈(2015)。文本編排之閱讀情緒感受與易讀性研究─以現代詩為例。中原大學商業設計研究所學位論文。2015。1-160。 
  2. 徐如慧(2012)。主動曝光網路廣告的效果與閱讀績效。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2012。1-73。
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